Tuesday, February 26, 2019
Human Development Essay
Human development is marked by different acquaints and milestones over the emotional statespan. It is uttered over three theater of operationss physical, cognitive and socio/emotional. While humans physical and cognitive development is universal, socio/emotional definitions and development vary from culture to culture. The various stages of human development include the prenatal period, infancy, toddler hood, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, saucily(a) adulthood, middle adulthood and late adulthood. Each stage is marked by milestones in physical, cognitive, and socio/emotional development. The theorist that investigated about middle adulthood was Erik Erickson. Erikson observed that middle-age is when we tend to be occupied with creative and meaningful work and with issues border our family.Also, middle adulthood is when we screw expect to be in charge, the agency weve longer envied. The significant task is to perpetuate culture and transmit determine of the culture done the family and working to establish a stable environment. aptitude comes through c atomic number 18 of others and production of something that holds to the betterment of society, which Erikson calls generativity, so when individual in this stage they often fear inactivity and meaninglessness. As children leave home, or relationships or goals vary, they whitethorn be faced with major life changesthe mid-life crisisand fight down with finding new meanings and purposes. If adults do not n get through this stage successfully, they become self-absorbed and stagnate.The main features of midlife refer to the transformation and feeler on physical, cognitive/intellect and well-disposed domains. Changes are also diaphanous on expertise and personality. Physical change is the about gradual. Such changes include, wasting away of muscles, slower metabolism, skin elasticity and dryness, wrinkles, slow growth of nail and blur and baldness. These changes also facilitate the subside in height, increase in burthen and decrease in bone density, strength and immunity, vision and hearing and decrease in kidney function and cardiac output. The greatest lost in this domain since physical factors are the primary source of sensory and motor functioning. The changes in physical attributes are generally characterized by menopause in women and andropause in men. Menopause is when the body stops ovulating and producing estrogen and gradual decline in testosterone levels.These physical changes are emphasized of the double-standard of aging. Men become much fantastic and women become old. Cognitive changes has to do with the way humans perceive and generate the world and deals with issues like keeping, thinking and decision-making processes and concept comprehension. During middle adulthood, humans are experts at problem solving, although they begin to experience some signs of decline with speed in processing and recall. The lost mainly focuses the ability to perform tasks remote the agility that they could exert when they are much younger. Many are losing cartel on performing the same task because their IQ or memory wont allow them to do so.Social changes are wherein the individuals became more aware of his being, his worth and his surrounding. They become more aware of their own mortality, the short-lived time and the seriousness of the physical decline. The gain is the opportunity to identify you with others and contribute time to the community. Social changes has to do with how an individual is able to handle emotions, relationships, hearty situations, and the various roles demanded of them by society. Some aspect of Socio/Emotional standards, such as social expectations, relationships, and roles vary from culture to culture.The implication of middle adulthood to social work practice basically refers to the familiarity of the social worker to the journey of the service-users towards gain that stage of life. The social worker ma y find difficulty in dealing with them especially when he or she has no idea where his or her clients concerns and issues are coming from. Their assistance would be feasible if they can severalise the role that culture plays on the process of. Middle adulthood is met with the psychological and emotional challenges of facing the mid-life crisis, and a life analysis and inventory is taken. During this stage of lifespan, adults encounter changing roles that families face. Firstly in terms of career and work. Adults most often choose to go to college for work-related purposes.Many employers require workers to attain accredited levels of education in order to qualify for promotions due to globalization. some adults may change career fearing the consequence of losing jobs while Others go to college to learn new skills in preparation for another career. Some, adults may also return to college only when for personal enrichment. The role of work , whether one works in a full time career, part time job or as a homemaker, is central during middle adulthood(Santrock,2009,p490). As adults reach their pennant position in earning, they are saddled with multiple financial burdens including rent, mortgage, medical bills, and children tuition. These competing demands hinder the middle adulthood to further to career progress. They decide whether to change jobs or career, or rebalance family and work or plan for retirement.Having some association about human lifespan development is beneficial for many reasons. It increases self-awareness and understanding, which helps with life plan. If a female is aware of the stages of her physical development, for example, she will know that her born(p) childbearing years are limited. If she wants to have children, she can use family planning to make choices about her education, career and mate to support this goal. Additionally, this knowledge can be helpful for improving relationships and interpersonal communication and resolving conf licts.