Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Research Setting and Context The research site selected for this study was decided upon by the researcher. Taking into consideration the researcher knows and understands all aspects of the district in addition to having established a strong, trusting relationship with the school, parents, and community while serving the district in multiple capacities over the past twenty-one years. This gave the researcher the opportunity and abilities to select the research sites they felt comfortable with while expressing their comments and feelings. The two sites selected within the Oilton Public School district in north central Oklahoma encompasses Timothy C. Arnold Middle School, serving approximately 80 students in grades 6-8, and Oilton HighÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The researcher will conduct a multi-site case study using 35 parents, 5 from each school site whose child attends Timothy C. Arnold Middle School or Oilton High School. Each school site has similar demographics, school cultur e, and school climate. Students from various ethnic backgrounds such as Caucasian, Native American, and Hispanic represent the two building site populations. The majority of the populations is represented by 85% Caucasians. Therefore, community and family involvement are priorities of the district for creating a positive school culture at both school sites. Sampling Strategy and Sample Descriptions The primary participants for this study are marginally involved parents of low performing students attending a high poverty, rural school district in north central Oklahoma. The participants of this study will be selected during the Fall 2015 semester. Prior human subject approval from the researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s university will be obtained prior to the selection of participants. The researcher intends to select five parents from each grade level in Timothy C. Arnold Middle School and Oilton High School to represent viewpoints and perceptions related to parent involvement and academic achievement. The names of participants will be selected from sign-in sheets filled out at the Ã¢â¬Å"Meet Your Teacher NightÃ¢â¬ , an annual parent involvement activity sponsored by the school district, community organizations, and businesses each year prior to the beginning of
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Asan Joseph COM 1102 08/3/2014 COMPARISON AND CONTRAST BETWEEN DESDEMONA AND EMILIA In the play by Shakespare, Othello, there are two noticeable women who were featured in the play. One of them was the wife of the tragic-hero in the play (Othello), while the other one was the wife of the greatest villain of all time (Lago). The comparison of women in a Shakespeare text cannot be done without understanding the situation of women in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s time, and the cultural and social context in which he wrote women, especially nobles. In England, women were naturally subservient to men, as was customary and traditional. Despite being ruled by a woman, Elizabeth I, society did not take to the idea of women in careers, especially if they were married; it went against the natural order of the world, when men had dominion over their wives. These two women characterize and make up most parts of this play to a great deal and they play a major role in how the problems in the play were resolved. As mentioned analyzed fr om the play, conclusions could be drawn that Desdomena was from an upper class family. She was the daughter of a senator. Emilia on the other hand was somewhat of a middle class woman. These women are married to men of power and value. The two wives try their best in the play to please their husbands in all matter of ways, and to also prove to their husbands their loyalty towards them. Desdemona even makes it clear that she didn t cheat on Othello with Cassio just toShow MoreRelatedComparison Between Othello And Emilia1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Perkins 1 Jonathan Perkins Professor Barbara Russell COM1102 1 August 2014 Compare and Contrast Desdemona and Emilia in Ã¢â¬Å"OthelloÃ¢â¬ In the play Othello, by William Shakespeare, there are two significant ladylike assumes that draw in our consideration. One is the wife of the play s tragic saint Othello; the other is locked in to one of the best malevolent individuals ever Iago. They are an imperative piece of what goes ahead in the play and inevitably how the genuine issueRead MoreOthello: Compare and Contrast The Two Wives1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Bob Mudd Compare and contrast the two characters Desdemona and Emilia from the play Othello. Desdemona and Emilia Comparison and Contrast In the play Othello the Moor of Venice by William Shakespeare., there are two prominent women that grab and hold our attention. One is the wife of the playÃ¢â¬â¢s heroic character Othello; the other is engaged to an untrustworthy man named Iago. The women are part of, but yet serve as a small piece of what goes on in the play and which is how the conflict of theRead MoreEmili Othello 1162 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEmiliaÃ¢â¬â¢s Character in Othello Often within novels, plays or sorties, individuals are labeled to a certain category of character that fits an evident template. Emilia within ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Othello is unlike many of the other characters in that prospect as she is unique. Emilia has several different views and outlooks on the worldly matters, especially in comparison to say Desdemona or Othello whom respectively represent innocence and jealousy. The apparent fact that Emilia is married to Iago isRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Othello, Desdemona, Emilia, And Bianca949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play Othello, there are only three women characters; Desdemona, Emilia, and Bianca. In this play, women are viewed as possessions to the men, causing critics to argue that the women to have no control of their lives. Women were viewed as their husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s property, not being able to make their own decisions and listening to what their husbands told them to do. They were not seen as a human nor were females seen as being equal to men. Throughout ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Othello the three women showRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWomen, especially Desdemona but Emilia as well, are obviously targets of male violence in Othello. For some reason ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play often put the emphasis on the role of the female characters and their influence on the main male characters. For instan ce, the result of the passionate love of Romeo for Juliet, the effect of OpheliaÃ¢â¬â¢s insanity had on hamlet, and so on. In Othello, Shakespeare made Desdemona and the other women in the play no different; OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s jalousie and love made the play a tragedyRead MoreA Malevolent Villain Essay1086 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespersecute the main character or another central character within their story. They add to the plot and tension of the work. Another malicious character is Iago, the villain in one of William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest tragedies, Othello. In this play Iago sets out to destroy Othello for multiple reasons, most of which are unsubstantiated imaginings. IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s role as a malicious villain is evidenced by his misogynist, racist, and manipulative behaviors. The first evidence of IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s malicious villainy isRead MoreA Relationship Between A White And A Black Mother1313 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstories and music. It is unclear if Morrison is trying to make a comparison between a white and a black mother (the latter is usually reputed to be not-so-good-mothers, especially in American culture). It is challenging to separate race issue in the events of this play. Desdemona tells Barbary that she is color blind when the latter tells her she was just a slave due to the color of her skin. Desdemona tries to show Barbary the bond between them by countering the claim that her whiteness makes a differenceRead MoreOthello: Good vs Evil1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Othello is a classic depiction of a struggle between good and evil. In the play,, the characters are faced with the choice to either conquer or succumb to the overpowering force of evil. Shakespeare places his characters on a sort of spectrum in which a characterÃ¢â ¬â¢s amount of god or evil can be represented by a shade of color: black representing pure evil, white representing absolute goodness, and a shade of grey exemplifying the nature of all characters that fall in between the two extremesRead MoreEssay about Jealousy in Shakespeares Othello1450 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJealousy in Shakespeares OthelloÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Othello features jealousy as the dominant motive for action and therefore just as reflected in real life we bare witness to jealousy influencing the characters of Iago, Brabantio, Roderigo, and Othello. In this essay I shall be attempting to examine this theme in depth drawing comparison between jealousy and the consequential action.Ã The dominance of jealousy as the chief causative force of action in the drama is very obvious to most critics. InRead MoreSimilarities And Differences Between Iago And Othello1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The tragedy of Othello is not just a story of jealousy but rather a clash of two worlds. In Shakespearean plays we many times see the protagonist fall due to deceit, human flaws, and corruption of their society. We specifically see the hero fall in Shakespeares Othello as a man trying to be himself with a corrupt friendship in Iago. Othello is seen to be the noble moor of Venice. He is respected by society for his many actions of nobility and bravery. Iago on the other hand is the villain plotting
Friday, May 15, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
My Writing Style We all have a style, and it would seem that I wouldnt know another style, better than I know my own. However, I really wasnt aware that every circumstance causes me to change my style accordingly. It seems that we are all just actors and actresses, playing various social roles, and yet we think we are being our self. There were times when I was really nervous, perhaps before a job interview or meeting new people, and my mom would say , dont be nervous, just go and be your self. The self is an integration of the social roles we play and it is complex because we change our behaviors and our perceptions as situations dictate. The line you just read, illustrated an official writing self that I slip intoÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Contrary to what my attitude portrayed at work, I dont consider myself a mean and inconsiderate person. I think I have a rather pleasant disposition, but I will let you be the judge after we explore further the other diverse style roles I take on, in my life . My insincerity isnt found in what I say to customers, rather its the way in which I say things, however, I definitely have a work lingo. This communication style certainly isnt one I use with friends. I dont ask how their doing and send them on their way. This is an example of two different situations when one style isnt always the appropriate one, and my interaction between my two families reveals even more about my communication styles. My parents and I converse about who will do the dishes and other essential household business. There is no unnecessary talking or formality used in our communication style. For example, when Im at my fiances house, I am as polite as I possibly can be. I always have wonderful conversations with them, but once again this communication style reflects the ways we interact with each other. At home, if there is a phone call for my mother, I wouldnt hesitate to yell at the top of my lungs from down in my room, Ma!.......Cmere and get the phone, its for you ! I am much more comfortable, relaxed, and basically less polite in my own home and my communication style definitely reflects this. IShow MoreRelatedMy Writing Style Of Writing905 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThroughout this class I have learn many different writing styles. We used APA form of writing to type our paper and essay. I have also learned that itÃ¢â¬â¢s good to take your time and spend more time thinking about what to write, other than just righting a paper right off back. I have learned that itÃ¢â¬â¢s not a good idea to write a paper on the day itÃ¢â¬â¢s done, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s more like a ruff daft. My teacher have helped me understand different point of writing. Which all writing deal with an ethos, pathos and logos, eitherRead More My Writing Style1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhenever I get a writing assignment for class, it seems like a chore. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a problem with writing, but papers always seem to take more time than they should. Maybe this is due to poor pl anning on my part, but essays are usually an ordeal, and I dread actually doing the work to finish one. The task is simple enough, but putting it off always seems like a better alternative to writing. I do think about the paper that I have to write, but I do not put thoughts and ideas into a paper or outlineRead MoreMy Writing And Writing Style Essay1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbutterfly, my writing style transformed from something mediocre to something quite exceptional. In high school, even when I took advanced placement English and Literature courses, I was never good at writing. My writing would lack structure, reasoning, syntax, and a well-defined thesis statement. My inadequate grades on writing assignments lowered my self-esteem, so I assumed I would never enjoy writing papers because I believed I could never improve. However, since attending a university my writing styleRead MoreMy Writing Style And Writing890 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWriting was never a known weakness of mine. H owever, I could never confidently call it a strength. Throughout the course of this semester, my writing style has evolved and I have rid my writing of many habitual mistakes. I have learned to appreciate writing much more, and enjoy the moments where my mind meets words on a paper. Creativity has always been one of my strong suits, but through this course I catered my creativity to compose a variety of essays and speeches. Likewise, public speaking isRead More My writing styles Essay786 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy writing styles There are many writing styles that many people pick up as they go through there many years of schooling. Each person picks up the same type of writing styles but as years go by people seem to pick up there own little types of writing style that separates them from everyone else. As I have gone through many years of English classes I have acquired more and more skills and many more are sure to come as I continue my education. My writing skills have only gotten betterRead MoreMy Personal Writing Style1549 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespeople speak around 16000 words a day (Huynh). On the other hand, writing is a more formal and concise way of communication than speaking. However, a person need to practice in order to write well. Throughout years, its writing habit developed, writing style progressed, and writing content varied. In this essay, I would reflect on my own writing process now, how my writing progressed throughout three years in PRISMS, and On Writing. Writing starts with thinking about a prompt. I think about what I wantRead MoreMy Personal Writing Style1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesown writing styles, and they choose it depends on the situation. I am a college student, so I have opportunities to write academic writings such as essays and e-mails. I am young, so I use informal writing styles such as slang and abbreviation words. I use both Japanese and English. English is not my native language, so I usually use Japanese more often than English. I worked at the restaurant when I was a high school student in Japan, so I have variable acquaintance. I learned that my writing styleRead MoreMy Writing Style And Skills900 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesme about how I formulate ideas and outlines to my papers and visual works. My writing style and skills have gone through many changes throughout English 150 but by far there have been three areas where I have seen the most improvement. How I compose and formulate my works, using certain resources and how I integrated them into my paper, how I edit those works, and how well I use the advice and guidance from my peers to help me revise or complete my works. Composing and formulating to me should beRead MoreMy Writing Style And Abilities994 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFinal Essay Within being enrolled for EN11, as well as EN12, I believe that I have made significant improvements in my writing style and abilities. From the first semester, I struggled with choosing one side of the argument or assignment, focusing on such topic and being more specific about it, rather than incorporating a more general idea of both sides that could be taken. By the end of the semester, I believe I had made noteworthy progress of keying into one idea and focusing on the major detailedRead MoreMy Writing Style Of The Professor961 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmost thing that I like with this class is the teaching style of the professor. The professor made the course very interesting, because when I came to the Tuesday class, I can learn the knowledge from the Asian American history, and when I went to the Thursday class, I can listen to my classmatesÃ¢â¬â¢ opinion. This is what I like about the teaching style of the professor. I can actually learn things from the class, and I also can discuss with my classmates about the article. In this letter, I will discuss
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight: An Analysis of Parallel Scenes The anonymous author of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight was supposedly the first to have originated the alternation of temptation and hunting scenes, which both contribute importantly to the effectiveness of the poem (Benson 57). The two narratives are obviously meant to be read as complementary. Therefore, the parallel juxtaposition of seemingly unrelated episodes is the basic characteristic of the narrative. The narrative, which appears parallel, contrasts temptation and beheading tales; which posed the major problem of unity for the early critics (Benson 26). H. L. Savage analyzes the relation between the hunting and temptation scenes and concludes that they areÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They are each a variation that blend to point up to Gawains trial and his hosts involvement in it. The lady is intent unpon her prey (Gawain) as her husband is intent upon his prey (wild game). The hosts pursiut of his prey then becomes a commentary on the ladys pursuit of Gawain. The significance of the animals at each stage of the hunt narrative is symbolic; the hunting scenes act as metaphors for the temptations (Sir Gawain and the Green Knight). In the first hunting scene a deer is obtained. The deer is portrayed as gentle. The poet provides great detail about the hunt and the carving- both of which are considered to be skills of ideal courtly perfection. In the first temptation scene Gawain uses his skills of courteous speech to please the lady all the while remaining loyal to his host; which is the ideal behaviour expected of a knight (Sir Gawain and the Green Knight). In the second scene the prey is the boar, which is considered to be aggressive. The host is fierce in his quest and finally emerges as the victor. In the second temptation scene, the lady is much more aggressive in her attack on Gawains knightly reputation. Gawian must work harder to please the lady with his courtly speech on the subject of love. In the third hunting scene the host is very disapointed, he spent an entire day of hunting and only obtained a fox;Show MoreRelatedSir Gawain and the Green Knight Essay1395 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSir Gawain and the Green Knight In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight the poet depicts an entertaining story of adventure and intrigue. However, the poem is more than a grand adventure. It is an attempt to explore the moral ideals of Sir Gawain. Gawains standards are represented by the pentangle on his shield. The depiction of the pentangle occurs when Sir Gawain is preparing to gear up for his quest for the Green Chapel. Gawains outfit is described in great detail, including its color,Read MoreStatement of Purpose23848 Words Ã |Ã 96 Pagesstandards set by your university. (Ã¢â¬â¢SampleÃ¢â¬âStatement of Purpose 3.Ã¢â¬â" English for Practical Purposes, Fall 2002. 2002. Web.) http://sex.ncu.edu.tw/members/Ho/study/2002fall_praticalenglish/st2002f_praticalenglish_1025j.htm Environmental Studies Two scenes stand out in my mind from my visit to BrazilÃ¢â¬Ës Wetland: Forests burning before seed planting and trees as hedgerows. Before the planting season, I could see the leafless remnants of burnt trees still standing. The burning of pristine forests destroys
Question Discuss about theMotivational Skills in Project Management. Answer: Introduction: In the present time, the main focus of the project management activities has been transferred from the work oriented planning and technical aspects of the project to the area of the people-oriented aspects such as motivational activities. This is reflecting on the both the professional and educational area of the project management. In order to complete a project management work successfully and efficiently a project manager should motivate himself or herself as well as the whole team (Brown Capozza 2016). The self motivation is highly required for the project managers for understanding the responsibilities and fulfilling the objectives of the project management work. This is also essential for motivating other people associated with the project work. The motivational theories available in this area are helpful for understanding the motivational factors of this work and motivate people (Mangi, Kanasro Burdi 2015). In this report, the use of motivational theories in the context of practical project management field has been analyzed in details. A practical project has been completed Different types of theories of motivation and important factors are discussed and how these were used in the project for motivating people have been discussed in details. Optimising energy: This alludes to the inborn limit for work, which contrasts from individual to individual. Examine by Wery Thomson (2013), demonstrates that there is an ideal zone of representative vitality, and that this breaking point ought to for the most part not be surpassed. This zone fluctuates from individual to individual. Moreover, incidentally chiefs can help workers to remain in the zone, or even raise it by convenient intercessions and improved coordinated correspondence. Tran et al. (2012) clarified that each and every method in a project work can be different from each other. The main focus should be give in this fact with the aim of attempting to boost generation, confidence, or different parts of whole project work, the leader of the project need to endeavor to improve as indicated by general factors of the project management work. Hysong et al. (2012) have said about a different technique of utilizing this factor for motivating the workforce in a project, less ce ntered around assembling yet made for individuals, that he called P/PC adjust. According to this method, for anything to be productive (P) it additionally requires to have generation capacity (PC upkeep). It is important a factor that, unimportant expansion of representative inspiration will bring negative results since laws of nature show us that nothing is exempt from the forces of gravity. Feldman (2013) investigated this hypothesis by concentrating on worker inspiration as a level of vitality that must be improved keeping in mind the end goal to be best. Generally as overtraining in the athletic world will prompt harm, burnout, or other negative reactions, so will over-motivation inflict significant damage after some time. Mata Hertwig (2012) found that in spite of the fact that the idea of more is not generally better is by all accounts judgment skills, settled inspiration speculations have deemphasized that part of inspiration. Reigeluth (2013) reported in their meta-survey t hat motivational ideas have been ended up being both added substance and subtractive however did not indicate any examination that proposes an enhancement of worker vitality. As per the theory discussed by (), there is an ideal set of employee vitality or inspiration that ought not be outperformed, and that it is remarkable for every people associated with the work. A project head can, in any case, help other people to remain in the set or even guide to improve a bit better. Another understanding factor is that the chiefs who took an interest in their study were that basic intercessions and an expansion of correspondence with the people can make enormous contrasts in employee motivation. In the project, each of the people associated with the project management work were considered with same level of importance and guided properly regarding their responsibilities in the area of the project management. A set of motivational factors were developed and the working patterns of the project members were compared with the set for understanding the level of motivation of the people. In case of finding less motivation in any of the members, the team head went to them and tried to understand the actual problems behind the lack of motivation. Then he or she got help from the team head for motivating themselves in the area of this project management work. Autonomy: Inquire about demonstrates that self-governance brings about better occupation fulfillment and, thus, expanded natural inspiration. One pragmatic approach to do this on ventures is to determine the deliverable (the "what"), leaving choices with respect to the strategy for creation (the "how") to the capable group member(s). Being prepared to do and allowed to administer themselves is a champion among the most basic needs and essentials of the data worker according to Miner (2015). Exactly when individuals were given free control (chairman control) in the project, extended execution, extended characteristic occupation satisfaction, and reduced job weight were represented. The finding that independence makes more critical laborer satisfaction is also perfect with studies on the target setting speculation, which watched that self-set destinations are more appealing (Pinder 2014). As demonstrated by (Barrick, Mount Li 2013), decisions that are made at the top are essentially l ost chances to delegate obligation. If the executive rather just demonstrates closes and allows the individual or gathering to develop their own particular techniques, more grounded motivation and an expanded work certainty will show itself. As showed by Ifinedo (2012), analyze tending to movement heading speculation has moreover found that independence (decision scope) achieves maximal motivation. Wang, Noe Wang (2014) found that regulatory self-lead reinforce, offering choice, and engaging self-begin are associated with unusual measures of work satisfaction. In like manner, Meyer, Stanley Parfyonova (2012) reported that giving contribution to a non controlling way can have near effects. Info may along these lines be another range where expand overseers can unequivocally affect motivation. The project head gave the details about the project operations and purpose of the work. With respect to this theory, each of the team members had a clear idea about what they are doing and what is the reason behind the work. The project head helped them out to find the best way of completing the individual responsibilities they had with the aim of completing the whole work. This helped a lot to motivate the project team members in the project. Feedback: Examine demonstrates that positive, helpful input improves inspiration. Negative criticism, then again, decreases both characteristic and extraneous inspiration. View of input is imperative as well: criticism saw as being controlling will negatively affect inspiration, while input seen as being skill related can have a beneficial outcome if appropriately conveyed. The general accord as for ampleness of feedback is that positive significant information updates delegate motivation (Noe et al. 2014). Mowday, Porter Steers (2014) moreover elucidated that the people who contribute the most in a wander are for the most part the ones most requiring appreciation. Feedback can similarly redesign helpful results of other motivational techniques, for instance, target setting. Posey et al. (2013) found that target setting is enhanced when feedback is given in a way that outlines the propel that has been made toward the goal. The partner's impression of information in like manner expec t a section in its feasibility. Essentially as delegate impression of chiefs accept a vital part in the feasibility of different organization styles, so is the effect of feedback vivaciously influenced by the recipient's perceptions. As demonstrated by Cerasoli et al. (2014), self-administer in like manner expect a section in contribution since "feedback from an external source is depended upon to cut down innate motivation if it is seen by the individual as "controlling," yet not if it is seen to be "capacity" input". Wright, Moynihan Pande (2012) meta-review highlighted that opposite info can undermine both unessential and inherent motivation, leaving people motivated. Negative info should along these lines be purposely evaluated before it is given. Whatever the individual approach to manage input, Kehoe Wright (2013) pointed out that the "plan of bolster must be valuable for the general affiliation and not just for the gathering you are impelling". Regardless, a course of actio n of support does not simply fuse verbal info. Generous prizes can in like manner be considered feedback yet require remarkable thought in light of the way that their impact can speak to the snapshot of truth motivation altogether more than verbal information. In order to understand the problems of the employees and take their suggestions for the further improvement of the project management scope and works, the feedbacks of the members were gathered periodically by the project head. This motivated them highly as they were given priority in the decision making by considering their suggestions from the feedback sessions. Reward and Recognition: Prizes are identified with extraneous and acknowledgment to characteristic inspiration. In their book, Peters and Waterman call attention to that effective organizations make it an authoritative objective to over and over perceive representative commitments. Inquire about by Deci and partners demonstrates that prizes undermine inherent inspiration, particularly if those prizes are connected to particular assignments. This is especially intriguing on the grounds that numerous associations tend to utilize compensate frameworks in light of undertaking or venture execution. Likewise pertinent to venture work, is the finding that groups ought to be compensated in general. This is disputable in light of the fact that compensating all colleagues similarly can make clashes if certain people are seen as being "freeloaders." On the other hand, however, both Deming and Drucker bring up that individual prizes will in the long run lower (group) profitability and spirit. Th is since they prompt an impression of disparity among colleagues. Deming likewise called attention to that legitimacy frameworks in view of administration by targets are a noteworthy wellspring of imbalance. The general rationale of prizes (unessential motivation) and affirmation (natural motivation) is to awaken the agent and to allow the laborer to develop. Ifinedo (2012) found that compelling associations make it a various leveled goal to allow their laborers to rise by on and on seeing their responsibilities. Reigeluth (2013) raised that demonstrating thankfulness through a paycheck alone may not be adequate. Rewards make consistence and not obligation. A meta-overview by Yidong Xinxin (2013) separating 128 research office tests found that while positive info increases characteristic motivation, prizes can on a very basic level undermine it. As per Cerasoli, Nicklin Ford (2014), all types of rewards are not able to help motivating people in their workplaces. Kehoe Wright (2013) stated that "when prizes are given autonomous of particular errand engagement (as may be the situation with compensation) or when the prizes were not expected (as may be the situation with surprising rewards), substantial extraneous prizes did not undermine characteristic inspiration". Ifinedo (2012) also said that the rewards in a group ought to give motivating forces for good execution on the group. Such kind of rewards ought to go past consistent representative acknowledgment and ought to explicitly target achievements made in and for the group. Mata Hertwig (2012) clarified that if utilized effectively, these rewards can be an incredible device to adjust conduct to group objectives. A chief ought to, in any case, know that group particular prizes can make potential clashes. Group based prizes can make a contention with the individual's conventional work task. The administrator promote needs to choose whether prizes ought to be given to all colleagues or in t he event that he or she ought to concentrate on individual commitment. The main approach will bring along the danger of free riders who might be remunerated without having essentially added to the venture. In any case, called attention to that individual prizes will unavoidably make rivalry and will in the long run bring down efficiency and confidence. Barrick, Mount Li (2013) found that fruitful organizations more than once make no less than 80% of their representatives victors, which would likewise propose a group based over an individual reward framework. Prizes ought to likewise take after the rules of value hypothesis. As indicated by Miner (2015), "look into in the 1990s reliably exhibited that underpayment disparity was connected with negative states of mind; in any case, there keeps on being vagueness about the impacts of excessive charge imbalance. Feldman (2013) clarified that the prevalent legitimacy framework is one of the significant wellsprings of imbalance and rivalr y. A study by Wery Thomson (2013) found that when a program was presented in a charitable association, diminished sentiments of self-governance and characteristic inspiration were accounted for. Compensate structures and support frameworks are in this way ranges can impact worker inspiration, both emphatically and contrarily. Extend administrators will need to judge which approach is most fitting relying upon the cosmetics of the partners who are included in a venture. To recap, extend directors can impact group inspiration using power and the utilization of different administration styles. The go for characteristic inspiration will be most advantageous in light of the fact that the colleague will be associated with the cause or objective of the venture, rather than the reward that is appended to it. Likewise, a venture supervisor ought to endeavor to impact inspiration in a way that advances it as opposed to attempting to augment inspiration. Coordinate applications that can be utilized to impact inspiration are permitting self-governance, giving input, and offering rewards. In spite of the fact that these regions give general headings for how a venture chief can impact inspiration, they don't indicate particular procedures that go for the improvement of characteristic inspiration of colleagues in venture settings (L?z?roiu 2015). Examine address two will hence research which systems extend supervisors find especially effective to grow large amoun ts of inborn group inspiration in venture settings. The exchange of inspiration of venture groups would be fragmented without the thought of the association in which the venture group works. As indicated by Schultz Schultz (2015), ventures work in crossover circumstances where colleagues have a place with a group and an overall association in the meantime. Both put requests on the colleague, and both can impact the inspiration level of the person. Contingent upon what sort of venture sort the group works in (frail or solid venture lattice), the impact of the association can be pretty much obliging. Conventional inspiration hypotheses have generally worried about inspiration of workers in a bigger association. The accompanying segment analyzes inspiration of people from the point of view of the overall association and its general effect on representatives. Amass motivation accept an instrumental part in any wander and the wander boss' data of motivation movement and methods to effect assemble motivation can lead a wander on a productive way. The outcomes of this study show that fruitful gathering motivation relies on upon various factors going from gathering specific parts to progressive effects. This theory was also used in the area of the project management team motivation. Several types of reward and recognition programs were arranged with focus on the performances of the members. Conclusion: The successful completion of a project is highly dependent on the quality of the works performed by the project team members. In order to get the efficient work performance form the project team members, the project team head need to motivate the employees by make them well understood regarding the project goal and the individual roles and responsibilities they have in the project work. As a project head I have completed a project successfully by using the motivational theories in the practical workplace. It can be concluded that a project executive must be careful in dispensing endeavors to people. Wants must be unmistakably conferred, and stretch out people should be picked keenly with the objective that wander endeavors fit the desires of individual partners. As per the knowledge gathered through this work, in the right setting out toward general directors when he said that it is a key for a team lead to find what goads people in their private lives. Understanding what the individ ual longings of partners are will give any project executive a leg up in energizing a wander bunch from an inalienable point of view. References: Brown, R. Capozza, D. eds., 2016. Social identities: Motivational, emotional, cultural influences. Psychology Press. Vancouver Mangi, A.A., Kanasro, H.A. Burdi, M.B., 2015. Motivation Tools and Organizational Success: A Criticle analysis of Motivational Theories. The Government-Annual Research Journal of Political Science., 4(4). Wery, J. Thomson, M.M., 2013. Motivational strategies to enhance effective learning in teaching struggling students. Support for Learning, 28(3), pp.103-108. Tran, C., Chen, J., Warschauer, M., Conley, A. Dede, C., 2012. Applying motivation theories to the design of educational technology. In Proceedings GLS 8.0: Games+ Learning+ Society Conference (pp. 291-297). Hysong, S.J., Teal, C.R., Khan, M.J. Haidet, P., 2012. Improving quality of care through improved audit and feedback. Implementation Science, 7(1), p.1. Feldman, S. ed., 2013. Cognitive consistency: Motivational antecedents and behavioral consequents. Academic Press. Mata, R. Hertwig, R., 2012. How to model age-related motivational reorientations in risky choice. Human Development, 54(6), pp.368-375. Reigeluth, C.M. ed., 2013. Instructional design theories and models: An overview of their current status. Routledge. Miner, J.B., 2015. Organizational behavior 1: Essential theories of motivation and leadership. Routledge. Pinder, C.C., 2014. Work motivation in organizational behavior. Psychology Press. Barrick, M.R., Mount, M.K. Li, N., 2013. The theory of purposeful work behavior: The role of personality, higher-order goals, and job characteristics.Academy of Management Review, 38(1), pp.132-153. Ifinedo, P., 2012. Understanding information systems security policy compliance: An integration of the theory of planned behavior the protection motivation theory. Computers Security, 31(1), pp.83-95. Wang, S., Noe, R.A. Wang, Z.M., 2014. Motivating knowledge sharing in knowledge management systems a quasifield experiment. Journal of Management, 40(4), pp.978-1009. Meyer, J.P., Stanley, L.J. Parfyonova, N.M., 2012. Employee commitment in context: The nature implication of commitment profiles.Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(1), pp.1-16. Noe, R.A., Wilk, S.L., Mullen, E.J. Wanek, J.E., 2014. Employee Development: Issues in Construct Definition Investigation ofAntecedents. Improving Training Effectiveness in WorkOrganizations, ed. JK Ford, SWJ Kozlowski, K. Kraiger, E. Salas, and MS Teachout (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997), pp.153-189. Mowday, R.T., Porter, L.W. Steers, R.M., 2013. Employeeorganization linkages: The psychology of commitment, absenteeism, and turnover. Academic press. Posey, C., Roberts, T., Lowry, P.B., Bennett, B. Courtney, J., 2013. Insiders protection of organizational information assets: Development of a systematics-based taxonomy theory of diversity for protection-motivated behaviors. Mis Quarterly, 37(4), pp.1189-1210. Cerasoli, C.P., Nicklin, J.M. Ford, M.T., 2014. Intrinsic motivation extrinsic incentives jointly predict performance: A 40-year meta-analysis.Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), p.980. Wright, B.E., Moynihan, D.P. Pandey, S.K., 2012. Pulling the levers: Transformational leadership, public service motivation, and mission valence.Public Administration Review, 72(2), pp.206-215. Kehoe, R.R. Wright, P.M., 2013. The impact of high-performance human resource practices on employees attitudes and behaviors. Journal of management, 39(2), pp.366-391. Yidong, T. Xinxin, L., 2013. How ethical leadership influence employees innovative work behavior: A perspective of intrinsic motivation. Journal of Business Ethics, 116(2), pp.441-455. Schultz, D. Schultz, S.E., 2015. Psychology and Work Today 10E. Routledge. L?z?roiu, G., 2015. Employee Motivation and Job Performance. Linguistic Philosophical Investigations, (14), pp.97-102.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theStrategic Leadership for Volkswagen Company. Answer: The organization, their primary service is, where they operate, size of business and the key people The Volkswagen Company majorly deals with the manufacture and distribution of automobiles and passenger Motors(Preston, B., 2015, p.35). The companys headquarters is in Germany. The company is one of the leading manufacturers of automobiles has been reporting high profits over the years (Byron, 2016). The company operates in various 27 countries including Europe, USA, and Australia. The manufacturing company serves the whole world. The CEO of the Volkswagen group is Matthias Muller, and the managing director of the company in Australia is Michael Bartsch. The Problem from the Source The problem roots from the fact that the company during the manufacturing process, fitted some devices in the Audi and the Porsche brands that inhibited the regulating authorities from detecting the gases that the cars emitted(Balbi, A., 2015, p.9). When the consumers in the USA realized this, they raised the alarm, and the company pleaded guilty and were required to compensate the owners of the cars(Lucia, 2017). The discovery was covered by the media and the Australian Consumers also demanded compensation for the defective vehicles. Why it is a Negative The company has been dominating most of the automobile markets in the world. It has had a significant number of loyal customers that have been influenced by the good reputation the company had before the scandal(Hakim, D. and Bradsher, K., 2015, p.15). It is imperative to identify that the negative light in the media has created a bad image for the company. There are some of the customers who regret buying the company's cars. It is evident that the sales volume will decline if the companys management does not clear the air in the Australian market. The Risks it Poses to the Corporation, Size Dimension The company has a high possibility of having a permanent negative image. Also, the customer loyalty levels will tremendously decrease with the fact that the Australian consumers think that they are being treated as second-class consumers because they have not been compensated in the same way as the consumers in the USA(Lucia, 2017). The profits of the company will decrease especially in Australia where most of the customers may deviate from purchasing the companys products. The companys market share will be affected negatively. Systems Analysis of Problem The company thinks that it is not answerable to the Australian consumers. The company should thus research more on the extent of the damage that it has caused and strategize a correction approach. For instance, the company may choose first to correct the bad reputation that has been by the media to its customers(Goel, 2015, p.12). It is also important to verify the long-term impact of the negative light to the future markets. It is imperative for the system to devise other better ways of meeting regulations set by various regulators when engaging in acts that have an adverse impact on the explicit goals of the group(Whittall, A., Lucio, M., Mustchin, S., Rocha, F. and Telljohann, V., 2015, p.91). Quantitative Analysis Description of the Research The study was conducted on the social media platforms, for instance, the Twitter, Facebook and Youtube and the web forums in leading news websites that is the Reuters and the ABC news. The research was focused on attaining of information regarding the current situation that is in Australia on the fraudulent scandal associating the emission devices that it fixed on its cars. The research involved customers and ACCC representatives that were the most concerned about the issue in Australia. Description of why it was Chosen The research was necessary for the acquiring of objective information about the major concerns of the customers. Also, there was a need to find out the magnitude of the negative publicity that the scandal had cost the company. It was imperative in that it could aid in formulating of the best steps that the company could take to correct the situation in Australia. The websites and the social media as the primary sources of information were precise because they provided a platform that could be accessed by many consumers. Description the Method in Detail The method majorly involved the taking of statistics on the number of consumers that were pissed off by the company and the consumers that were still positive about the company. The other approach was to analyze the interviews that were carried out involving the ACCC representatives and the Volkswagen group representative on the issue at hand. The whole information was then summed up to come up with the overall percentage of the negative image the company has gathered and the positive comments from the target population. Description of the Results The results of the study showed that about 95% of the customers were dissatisfied by the company and especially its management. Most of the customers were of the view that the company was fraudulent and that they could not make any purchases until the situation at hand was solved promptly. The company on the other side was with the view that it was not accountable because it had not installed the devices in the Australian vehicles and thus it was not guilty of the offense. Analyze the Results against Theory and the Market It is imperative that the company should engage in corporate social responsibility due to the tarnished image of the enterprise. The reputation of the company is at stake, and so are the profits. According to the results, the company needs to engage in socially responsible activities so that it can restore its image and to promote sustainable development(Zerfass, A., Linke, A. and Rttger, U., 2014, p.63).The company, in particular, should engage in the restorative approach of CSR to be able to claim back its market share. Also, the market of the company has reduced in size, and it implies that the competition in the company will increase due to the market players aim to dominate the markets that the Volkswagen was initially serving. The results are a clear indication of what happens in the case that a company deviates from its primary intentions and leads to a contradiction through imposing harm to the society instead of promoting sustainable developments. Detailed Methodology and the Justification of the Choice The methodology includes the sources of data collection which will majorly include the websites for news such as ABC News and Reuters and the Social Media. The method of data collection will be to carry out a survey(Barth, M., Bauer, A., Hughes, E., King, A., and Koerner, H., 2017, p.34). Identification of the target population on the internet.Then a sample size will be determined due to the limited resources and time. The method will involve contacting of the respondents via the email and telephone. Information will be analyzed using probability oriented methods. The methodology will ensure that the information collected is sufficient, precise, relevant and consistent with the objectives of the research. Develop a set of strategic recommendations arising from the findings your primary research. The company should come clean with the matter by stating its position The company should disseminate information to the customers regarding the situation. It is imperative for the customers to be able to be informed in time to reduce the negative impact that is created when the customers acquire information from other sources(Tom, E., 2017, p.231).Information should be outlined through media platforms that can be accessed by most the customers. If the company does not respond to the allegations, then it will imply that it does not care about the concerns of the customers. The company should engage in corporate social responsibility Engagements in socially responsible activities that will help create a positive image for the enterprise. The stakeholders are concerned that their interests will not be achieved and thus the company needs to address this. CSR may include funding of community initiatives, planting trees and removing the alleged device on its products(Georgievski, 2016, p.34) Through the use of the various CSR approaches should engage in socially responsible approach that will entertain sustainable development. The CSR projects to be implemented should be within the companys interests and that of its stakeholders. The company should compensate the consumers that were affected For the company to fully satisfy the customers, it needs to make up for the customers for the damages that it has caused to them. The fact that most of the customers think that they are being treated as second-class consumers it is an indication that customers positive attitude towards the products is damaged and thus the company needs to give an incentive(Jung, J.C., and Park, S.B., 2017, p.27). If the USA consumers were compensated, then the company to exercise fairness should instigate right through applying the same measures to customers that have received the same damages. The company should market its products to create a positive reputation The company should engage in the marketing of its products so as to create a positive image of the products. The company can incorporate promotion activities, and public relations approaches that will instigate the customers to continue with their loyalty to the enterprise. It is relevant for the company to engage in customer relational management that will make the customer feel esteemed and honored by the Corporation. Customer care services can be promoted so that the customer's inquiries and concerns are listened to and addressed in time to reduce the impact of the negative reputation. The Future The future of the company is characterized by a lot of engagement in CSR. The company in the coming days would want to reduce the number of lawsuits against it by the consumers (SCANDAL, 2017, p.122).Have good relations with the government by engaging in activities that do not breach the law in any way(Hakim, D. and Bradsher, K., 2015, p.22). It is also considerable in the future that the company will face stiff competition in the market because the market players will be more keen on bringing the company down due to its tarnished image in the past. Presentation of the Findings The overall sales reduced The results indicate that the overall sales of the company will reduce and this is due to the tarnished image of the company. It is certain that even the USA and the Australians consumers will shy away from the products. The reduced sales will lead to losses both in the long term and the short time of the company. Most of the products of the company do not move in the store as much after the scandal was unearthed. The profits have reduced The profits that the company is reporting are down from the 21.7Billion that it was reported in the year 2016. The reduced profits are attributed to the weak sales due to the reduced customer retention and loyalty of the consumers. The reduced benefits are attached to the added costs that the company is experiencing due to the increased litigations. The company is reporting more expenses. Customers are dissatisfied Clients of the company are dissatisfied majorly as a result of being sold to faulty products. The client's dissatisfaction is high with most of the consumers swearing that they will not purchase the company's product more so those in Australia. The dissatisfaction of the customers is still spreading to other countries, and thus the company's ongoing concern is at stake. The market share has reduced The competition in the market is stiff. The litigations that are involving the company has made the company to be subject to negative light. Its target markets are now being shared by the other market players in the market like the Nissan Company(Siano, A., Vollero, A., Conte, F., and Amabile, S., 2017, p.30). Its market is now limited to the limited number of loyal customers. The customers have since shifted to other brands that are not part of the scandal allegations. Bibliography Balbi, A., 2015. Volkswagen scandal: one of the world's largest automakers has admitted to unethical decision making and is working on clarifying the" inconsistencies. Strategic Finance, 97(6), pp.9-10. Barth, M., Bauer, A., Hughes, E., King, A., and Koerner, H., 2017. Volkswagen Public Relations Plan. Byron, K.., 2016. Australia sues Volkswagen Over alleged Emission Frauds. [Online] Available at: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-volkswagen-emissions-australia-idUSKCN11634R?il=0 [Accessed 26 May 2017]. Georgievski, B.a.A.A.., 2016. The Effect of the Volkswagen Scandal (A Comparative Case Study. Goel, A.., 2015. Volkswagen: The protagonist in the Diesel Emission Scandal. Hakim, D. and Bradsher, K., 2015. After Volkswagen Revelation, Auto Emissions Tests Come Under Global Scrutiny. [Online] [Accessed 26 May 2017]. Jung, J.C., and Park, S.B., 2017. Volkswagen's Diesel Emissions Scanda. Thunderbird International Business Review, 59(1). Lucia, S.., 2017. Volkswagen Diesel Scandal: ACCC sues over Doggy emissions Claims. [Online] Available at: https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-03-08/accc-sues-volkswagen-over-diesel-emissions-scandal/8335506 [Accessed 26 May 2017]. Preston, B., 2015. Volkswagen scandal tarnishes hard-won US reputation as green company. The Guardian, 25. SCANDAL, G.E.., 2017. CHAPTER TWELVE REPAIRING TRUST: A CASE STUDY OF THE VOLKSWAGEN GAS EMISSIONS SCANDAL JUDITH TURNBULL. The Discursive Construal of Trust in the Dynamics of Knowledge Diffusion, p.249. Siano, A., Vollero, A., Conte, F., and Amabile, S., 2017. "More than words": Expanding the taxonomy of greenwashing after the Volkswagen scandal. Journal of Business Research, 71, pp.27-37. Tom, E., 2017. Knowledge management and leadership: the carbon emissions scandal in the automobile industry. Przedsi?biorczo Mi?dzynarodowa, 3(1), pp.229-40. Whittall, A., Lucio, M., Mustchin, S., Rocha, F. and Telljohann, V., 2015. Volkswagen transnational company agreements: The meaning of international corporate regulation at work. The transnational company agreements: Experiences and prospects. Final Report, 2(17-117). Zerfass, A., Linke, A. and Rttger, U., 2014. HE CONTEXT FOR LEADERSHIP IN PUBLIC RELATIONS. Public Relations Leaders as Sensemakers: A Global Study of Leadership in Public Relations and Communication Management.