Wednesday, February 27, 2019
ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s Relations with African Countries: Strategic Perspective (Case of Madagascar) Essay
Year 1st Semester Course MEDIA IN chinaware pic field of study CHINAS RELATIONS WITH AFRICAN COUNTRIES STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVE (CASE OF MADAGASCAR) STU. reference RANDRIANASOLO Fenolanto Salome STU. NO. CLASS SCHOOL LECTUERER PROFESSOR LUO QING GRADE Master CHINAS RELATIONS WITH AFRICAN COUNTRIES STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVE (CASE OF MADAGASCAR) INTRODUCTION In youthful decades, while master(prenominal)land mainland china can ignore other(a) countries, other countries cannot ignore china.It is beginning to play an increasingly important role in legion(predicate) areas such as economics, political, and socio-cultural. This is a great red-hot move power at the beginning of the 21st century. This explosive spring upth of mainland mainland chinaware has generated of import debates among policymakers, scholars and business leaders on a number of levels. China is now building relationships in several countries especially in Africa. thither consume been a number of contacts surrounde d by China and African states in recent decades. This paper seeks to understand this recent shift in Chinas relation with African countries such as Madagascar.Historical flat coat In 1955 29 African and Asian states create the Third solid ground to strengthen its base in Africa and Asia Since 1960s . The Chinese leader monoamine oxidase supported the African independences. China supports the ambassadors of the emerging countries against Western interference in their internal affairs at the United Nations. In 1978 Deng Xiaoping decided to render the Chinese economy by establishing a new form of socialist economy Since the 1990 African economies have opened up for the Asian powers including China China exits the spokesperson for developing countries within the WTO (world trade organization)Partnership China-Madagascar China has become increasingly active on the African continent in recent years and this activity has drawn the attention of scholars and journalists, among others. Di plomatic Relations Madagascar and China open up diplomatic relations November 6, 1972 and bilateral relations between the ii countries continue to consolidate, develop and to strengthen since. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 1972, their relationship and cooperation in the economic, commercial and various grow without ceasing.In recent years, the leaders of both countries attach great greatness the growing of relations and exchanges of high-level increase, which gives great impetus to the rapid development of bilateral relations of friendship and Malagasy cooperation. The Minister of Foreign Affairs established the first diplomatic relations between China and Madagascar during the transition (1972-1975) The solemnization of the 40th anniversary of diplomatic relationship between China and Madagascar held on 6th November 2012.Several high Malagasy personalities visited China since the 1990s such as the chairperson of the Republic Albe rt ZAFY in 1994 Madagascar President Marc RAVALOMANANA arrived in Beijing in 2008. During the current transitional finis, Ambassador of China Shen Yongxiang has presented his credentials to the Head of accede Andrinirina RAJOELINA. Several high Chinese leaders such as the President of the National Peoples Congress Chen Muhua the Second autochthonic Minister Jiang Chungun and the Vice President of the Republic Hu Jintao was visited Madagascar.Economic Relations If Chinas economic weight is felt in African countries, in particular Madagascar by its commercial dynamism, the country begins to be an investor not negligible. Since 2005, the confederacy agreements between Madagascar and China have continued to increase. For example, the establishment of a cementum factory, the construction of a large 5 star hotel by a Chinese group, the future construction of a hospital. And even well beforehand the year 2005, investment in China has already had its place in the economy, be it in the industry trade.China is the largest cooperator of Madagascar in terms of imports 95% of products from Madagascar benefit from the Chinese treatment tariff license The agreement of economic and technical cooperation between China and Madagascar was signed in 2006. Several Chinese companies investing in Madagascar in the infrastructure, energy, the exploitation of oil and raw materials. Bilateral cooperation in the economic and commercial widens constantly chop-chop increasing bilateral trade, investment activates theday and exchanges in cultural, educational and merciful intensify.The consultations between the two countries in international affairs reinforce to a greater extent. ethnical Relation During 40 years of partnership, China has provided more than 350 scholarships and has trained more than 860 government officials and journalist. CONFUCIUS Institutes were established in three provinces of the Big Island. Impact and billet The Chinese presence opens a new perspective fo r developing countries and it presents many more choices in terms of policy and developing model. It allows exploitation of essential resources with higher footings of raw materials and facilitates access to international aid.It promotes the diversification of investment, a new spirit based on the expression win-win more attractive. Chinas growth is pushing up global demand and thereforethe price of commodities exported by African countries. In addition, China has become the main partner of several African countries it provides cheaper manufactured goods and reduces their dependence on their ways conventional trading partners. In the case of Madagascar, the local anesthetic market is passive underdeveloped in that 20% of the population live in urban areas and in this context, the abundance of Chinese products (food, textiles, toys, shoes, appliances, Markets Local penalizes local industries to the extent that the price of Chinese products is well below the cost of local indust ries and supply is abundant. The competitiveness of local industries is low compared to the value of a product Chinese including textiles and food products. In the Capital Antananarivo, expansion and Chinese domination can be canvas via the rapid development of a shopping center Behoririka (name of district) in the midriff Capital in the image of Chinatown. Added to this is the development of restorations.However, these imports improve the well-being of citizenry in that price consumer goods from China are within the powers of purchases population. The development of these businesses creates jobs barely the salary level remains insufficient compared to the level of wages in the private sector in Madagascar. Chinese competition also exerts down(prenominal) pressure on the cost of investment. Chinese equipment (transport, agriculture) is very cheap an secondary to higher quality goods. However, the lifetime of the equipment is not long compared to the same guinea pig of equipme nt from Europe.Chinese growth pass on boost African exports but will also increase volatility. China opened its market by treating discriminative tariff least developed countries, but this has not yet been force on African exports. In the case of Madagascar, export to the China is still insufficient compared to the values of imports and has been a decade. This increases the trade deficit Malagasy and may antagonise the external reserves position of the Central Bank of Madagascar. If Europe the main export destination from Madagascar, China still relatively low and represents 2. 2%.In terms of trade between China and Madagascar, relationships become increasingly important during the last decade. Current trends regional trade showed a significant increase and the value of continuous imports from China, and a modest increase in export exports Madagascar to China. Changes in imports and exports of Madagascar with China do not evolve at the same rate, resulting in an imbalance of tr ade. The exchanges are obviously in estimation of China. CONCLUSION In short cooperation with China is mutually beneficial and China has promoted the cultural development in Madagascar.Projects underway in Madagascar, which involve Chinese aid, are also very visible. In terms of foreign locate investment, the weight of Chinese investors is not negligible and is around 10%. The legal age of Chinese capital from Hong Kong. Chinese companies are among the providers of jobs in Madagascar. If the involvement of France in the capital is very dominant in Madagascar, Chinas participation has increased by 0. 8% to 10. 9% over the same period and has a negative influence on the situation in France.This attests to the strengthen of the position China and offset somewhat the impact of French liquidation of the current situation. The friendly cooperation in the field of education, health and trade, have borne queer fruit. We think that with the principle of mutual benefit, cooperation betw een China and Madagascar will have a bright future. REFERENCES http//www. bbc. co. uk/news/world-africa-13864364 http//www. irinnews. org/Madagascar http//www. state. gov/p/af/ci/ma/ point///F/feed%20back%20de%2040%20ans. htm file///F/CCTV%20mirrroir%20d%20afrik%20frappe%20chinoise. htm file///F/mada%20chine%202. htm http//www. xinhuanet. com/ slope/home. htm Perspectives economiques en Afrique. OCDE. 2006 Plan cadre des Nations Unies pour l assistant au developpement (UNDAF) Madagascar 2008-2011. Systeme des Nations Unies. Juin 2007 Rapport National sur le Developpement Humain Madagascar 2006 Les technologies de linformation et de la communication et developpement humain. PNUD. Avril 2007 Les echanges entre la Chine et LAfrique blot actuelle, perspectives et sources pour lanalyse , Jean Raphael Chaponniere, STATECO N100, 2006.